Our Newark, New Jersey, correspondent, P. MeC., in speaking of
the cast steel made in this country, says there can be as good
an article produced here as anywhere, if the proper means are
Unless a proper quality of iron is used, purified by refining,
converted to blister steel in a suitable furnace, where it
receives its carbon, before it is put in the crucible to be
melted, it cannot be relied upon.
He says: "I do not think it can be for want of knowledge that
our steel is inferior, for two companies I know of sent to
England and brought over workmen, who made no better steel than
the hands previously employed.
One concern tried hammering the blooms until they were made
flat, then cut or broke them up, the iron being red short, and
put the fragments, with a portion of medicine, into the crucible
Some steel I have tried the iron from which it was converted
having been rolled. It was red short. Some of our manufacturers
say they cannot afford to use the best iron, nor the expense of
processes employed in Sheffield.
I say, if this is the case, they should not claim, as they do,
that American steel is equal if not superior to English, nor
that there is some mystery in the process.
When blooms are made from old scraps, cast, or wrought iron, it
cannot be expected that double refined steel will result, nor
that the product will equal that made from Norway or Lowmoor
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