Among recent improvements in wood-working tools,
there have been none greater than those made in carpenter's
Up to within a few years wooden planes were
exclusively used, and the introduction of the iron substitute
met with the usual opposition that attends all innovation on old
habits and customs. For this opposition, as far as the earlier
attempts to substitute iron for wood are concerned, there was
They were heavy; they had devices for holding or
setting the bit that were clumsy or complicated, and their
perfectly true surfaces were found to hug the wood so closely as
to make it slave-labor to use them. This last objection was the most serious, and
for some years kept them out of general use.
About ten years ago the Metallic Plane Company,
of Auburn, N.Y., Elliott G. Storke, Business Manager, started
the manufacture of a full line of iron planes, the result of
many years of practical experiment, in which for the first time
this most serious objection was overcome.
By the simple device of slightly fluting the
face longitudinally all suction was avoided, and the planes,
while being and remaining always true, work as easily as wooden
Other improvements were added from year to year;
they were made lighter, and by means of an adjustable throat in
front of the bit adapted to all kinds of work, coarse or fine,
at the will of the operator. Improvements were made in the
methods of setting the bit, for no first-class wood-worker now
thinks of buying a plane that has not a convenient and accurate
adjustment for the iron.
The planes made by the Metallic Plane Company
now combine all these advantages and most of them exclusively.
In the bench planes of the latest Centennial pattern, (Fig. 1),
the bit is set with a direct-acting screw moved by a
thumb-wheel, having six arms, within easy reach of the hand
while grasping the handle.
By it the bit is instantly raised or lowered
with a delicacy that adapts it to the finest veneer work or the
most knurly of our native woods. The irons are of the best
temper, always reliable, and every one warranted.
In response to the demand of the times, the
prices for the 1878 trade have been largely reduced, and special
inducements are offered to agents, dealers, and all who purchase
in considerable quantities.
The Auburn Metallic Plane Company was early in
the field with that most convenient tool, the iron block or
heading plane, represented in Fig. 2, of which tens of thousands
have been sold.
They are now retailed at less than one-half
former prices, and the one illustrated in the cut, with l'/n
inch adjustable bit, will be sent postpaid to any part of the
country for 90 cents.
The iron plow and match plane, represented by
Fig. 3, has been largely sold and gives universal satisfaction.
Eight plow and two match bits are furnished with it, and in
lightness, convenience, and accuracy of work it is unexcelled.
It is also cheaper than equivalent wooden tools, takes up much
less chest room, and is every way superior.